Animal Breeding and Research Centre(Rajasthan)

Central Animal Research CentreSuratgarh(Ganganagar)
National Research Centre on Camel(
Goat Breeding research instituteRamsar(Ajmer)
Central Sheep and Wool Research InstituteAvikanagar(teh-malpura)(Tonk)
Sheep Breeding CentreFatehpur(Sikar)
Buffalo Research CentreVallabhnagar(Udaipur)
Buffalo Breeding CentreJhalawar, Bharatpur
Horse Breeding & research InstituteKeru(Jodhpur)
Bull Mother farmChandan(Jaisalmer)
Pig Breeding CentreAlwar


  1. Maximum found in Jaisalmer district

Breeds of Camels

  1. Bikaneri Camels
    1. Located: Bikaner
    2. Feature: mainly used for pulling a cart
  2. Nachna Camels
    1. Located: Jaisalmer
    2. Feature: fast-runner and Beauty
  3. Gomat Camels
    1. Located: Jodhpur
    2. Feature: Camel Riding


  1. Maximum found in Udaipur district

Breeds of Cow(

  1. Gir
    1. Found: Ajmer, Bhilwara and Chittorgarh
    2. Gir cows are good milk producers among indigenous cattle. 
    3. The breed is also known as “Bhodali”, “Desan”, “Gujarati”, “Kathiawari”, “Sorthi”, and “Surati”. 
    4. The breeding tract of the breed includes Saurashtra region of Gujarat. 
    5. Gir is named after Gir forest, the geographical area of origin of the breed.
  1. Haryanvi
    1. Found: Sikar and Jhunjhunu
    2. Origin: Haryana
  1. Kankrej
    1. Found: Barmer and Jalore
    2. Origin: Gujarat
  1. Malvi
    1. Found: Pratapgarh and Jhalawar
    2. Origin: Malwa(UP)
  1. Nagori
    1. Found: Nagaur
    2. Feature: fast-runner, carrying load and agriculture work
  1. Rathi
    1. Found: Bikaner, Ganganagar and Jaisalmer
    2. Feature: Maximum milk producer(Kamdhenu of Rajasthan)
  1. Tharparkar
    1. Found: Jaisalmer, Barmer and Jodhpur
    2. Origin: Sindh province(Pakistan)
  2. Mewati
    1. Found: Alwar and Bharatpur
    2. Feature: carrying load
  3. Sachori
    1. Found: Jalore and Sirohi


  1. Maximum found in Jaipur

Breeds of Buffalo

  1. Murrah
    1. Found: Mainly Jaipur(eastern rajasthan)
    2. Feature: 
      1. Highest in number in Rajasthan
      2. Milk Producer
  2. Surati
    1. FOund: Udaipur
    2. Origin: Gujarat
  3. Bhadawari
    1. Found: mainly Bharatpur
    2. Origin: U.P
    3. Feature: milk content highest quantity of fats
  4. Mehsana
    1. Found: South western part of Rajasthan
    2. Origin: Gujarat
  5. Jaffrabadi
    1. Found: South western part of Rajasthan
    2. Origin: Gujarat


  1. Maximum found in Barmer

Breeds of Goat

  1. Marwari and Lohi
    1. Found: North-western of Rajasthan
    2. Feature: famous for its meat
  2. Jakhrana/Alwari
    1. Found: Alwar
    2. Feature: Maximum milk producer among all goats
  3. Shekhawati
    1. Found: Sikar and Jhunjhunu
    2. Feature: 
  4. Parbatsari
    1. Found: Nagori, Tonk and Ajmer
    2. Feature: this breed goats produce good quality milks
  5. BarbariBaarbari
    1. Found: Eastern Rajasthan
    2. Feature: famous for beauty
  6. Sirohi breed
    1. Found: Sirohi and Jalore
    2. Feature: famous for meat
  7. Jamnapari
    1. Found: Hadoti
    2. Feature: famous for meat & milk


  1. Maximum found in Barmer

Breeds of Sheep

  1. Malpuri
    1. Found: Jaipur, Tonk and Sawai Madhopur
    2. Feature: famous for thick wools and used for making blanket
  2. Chokla
    1. Found: Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Bikaner
    2. Feature: Fine and high quality wool(Indian Merina)
  3. Sonadi/Chanothor
    1. Found: Udaipur, Dungarpur and Chittaurgah
    2. Feature: longest ears
  4. Naali
    1. Found: 
      1. Hanumangarh and Ganganagar
      2. Near the bankNear bank of ancient river Ghaggar.
  5. Pugal 
    1. Found: Bikaner
  6. Magra
    1. Found: Bikaner
    2. Feature: Also known as “Bikaneri Chokla
  7. Marwari 
    1. Found: Jodhpur, Barmer and Nagaur
    2. Feature: Marwai breed is found maximum in number in Rajasthan
  8. Jaisalmeri
    1. Found: Jaisalmer and Jodhpur
    2. Feature: This breed produces maximum/highest quantity of wool.
  9. Kheri
    1. Found: Jodhpur, Pali and Nagaur
    2. Feature: Wool is used for making carpets


  1. Maximum found in Bikaner

Breed of Horse

  1. Malani
    1. Found: Barmer
    2. Feature: Best breed of Horse
  2. Marwari
    1. Found: Western Rajasthan
  3. Kathiawari
    1. Found: Barmer and Jalore
    2. Feature: Head of this breed is mostly similar to Arabic Horse


  1. Maximum found in Barmer


  1. Maximum found in Ajmer(Bowl of eggs)


  1. Maximum found in Alwar


  1. Maximum found in Bharatpur

Animal Fairs

Shri Baldev Cattle fairNagauriMedta(Nagaur)
Shri Tejaji Cattle fairNagauriParbatsar(Nagaur)
Shri Ramdev Cattle fairNagauriManasar(Nagaur)
Shri Mallinath Cattle fairTharparkar, KankrejTilwada(Barmer)
Chandra-Bhaga Cattle fairMalviJhalrapatan(Jhalawar)
Shri Gomatisagar cattle fairMalviJhalrapatan(Jhalawar)
Jaswant cattle fairHaryanviBharatpur
Gogamedi cattle fairHaryanviHanumangarh
Shivratri cattle fairHaryanviKarauli
Kartik Cattle fairGirPushkar(Ajmer)

Economic Survey 2020-21

  1. The state endowed with the finest drought tolerant milch breeds(Rathi, Gir, Sahiwal and Tharparkar, dual purpose breeds(Kankrej and Haryana) and the famous draft breeds of Nagori and Malvi.
  2. The state of Rajasthan is rich in livestock wealth. Rajasthan is also blessed with the best breeds of cattle, sheep and camels of the country.

Livestock Census-2019

  1. The livestock Census-2019 has placed the total livestock population of the state at 568.01 lakh and poultry birds at 146.23 lakh.
  2. The state has about 10.60% of the livestock of the country.
    1. Cattle: 7.23%
    2. Buffaloes: 12.47%
    3. Goats: 14.00%
    4. Sheep: 10.64%
  3. The state contributed 12.72% of milk and 34.46% wool to the nation’s production in the year 2017-18.
  4. The production of wool shows a modest decrease from 145 lakh kg in the year 2018-19 to 127 lakh kg in the year 2019-20.

Major initiatives taken by Animal Husbandry Department during the year 2019-20:

  1. Foot and Mouth Diseases(FMD) free Rajasthan
    1. FMD is being implemented in the State with the assistance of GOI.
    2. Mass vaccination campaigns are going on in the state for cattle and buffalo twice a year.
  1. Livestock Breeders are being benefited under Pashudhan Nishulk Arogya Yojana regularly.
    1. In the financial year 2020-21, 51.90 lakh farmers have been benefited upto December, 2020.
    2. The facility of free treatment to all livestock is available at all departmental veterinary institutions and all departmental veterinary institutions and all treatment camps organised by the department.
  1. National Livestock Mission
    1. Genetic improvement of the Goat and Sheep(GIGS) scheme has been started with the assistance of GoI:GoR with the 60:40 funding pattern.
      1. Under the scheme exhibition and training camps are organised for selection of male and female goats with preferred genetic characters.
      2. Presently the scheme is being run in AJmer, Jaipur, Sikar, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh, Churu, Sirohi and Kuchaman City(Nagour).
    2. Under Livestock Mission, Innovative Poultry Productivity Project(IPPP) has been started for Poultry Farmers.
      1. Under this project IPPP for Broiler and LIT Birds projects has been included.

Gopalan Department

  1. The aim of the Directorate of Gopalan is to act rigorously for promotion, conservation and development of the cattle population of the state including cattle reared in gaushalas of the state.
  2. Nandi Goshala Jan Sahbhagita Yojana is meant to deal with the problems for the nomad and stray male cattle population.
  3. Under Gaushala BioGas Sahbhagita Yojana, 6 Bio Gas plants in registered Gaushalas are to be established to make them self-sustainable in the field of energy.
  4. Under Gau Abhyaranya Yojana, 221.31 ha land in Bikaner is reserved for Gau Abhyaranya.

20th Livestock Census-2019

  1. Published by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying under the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal husbandry and Dairying at national level in every 5 year.
  1. History:
    1. Livestock Census:
    1. Rajasthan Ranking(in respect to India):
      1. Number of Livestock:
        1. U.P 
        2. Rajasthan(2nd)
        3. M.P
        4. W.B
      2. Highest Wool production:
        1. Rajasthan(1st)
          1. 34.5%
      3. Milk Production:
        1. U.P
        2. Rajasthan(2nd)
          1. 12.7%
      4. Highest goat population:
        1. Rajasthan(1st)
      5. Highest camel population:
        1. Rajasthan(1st)
      6. Highest donkey population:
        1. Rajasthan(1st)
    1. According to 20th LC-2019:
      1. Total Livestock Population of State: 568.01 lakh
      2. Poultry birds: 146.23 lakh
      3. The state has about 10.60% of the livestock of the country.
    AnimalsIn Rajasthan(Number)Overall India (Rajasthan Share)
    Goat37%(1st Place)14%
    Cattle(Cow)23%(2nd Place)7.23%
    Buffalo22%(3rd Place)12.47%
    Sheep16%(4th Place)10.64%
    1. Max/Min Number of livestock found in Rajasthan
      1. Maximum in Number:
        1. Barmer
        2. Jodhpur
    1. Minimum in Number:
      1. Dholpur
      2. Kota
    1. Density of Livestocks in Rajasthan: 166
      1. Maximum density district
        1. Dausa
        2. Rajsamand
    1. Minimum density district
      1. Jaisalmer
      2. Bikaner
    1. Increase or Decrease in number of Livestock in Rajasthan:
      1. Maximum Increment in number/percentage of livestocks
        1. Buffalo
          1. Increased by(number):  7,17,221
          2. Increased by(percentage):  5.53% 
        2. Cattle
          1. Increased by(number):  5,87,995
          2. Increased by(percentage):  4.41%
    1. Maximum Decrement in number/percentage of livestock
      1. Mostly decrement trend seen in all livestock animals except buffalo and cattle.
      2. Sheep(Number)
        1. Decreased by(number): -11,75,845
      3. Goat(Number)
        1. Decreased by(number): -8,25,736
    1. Donkey(%)
      1. Decreased by(percentage): -71.31%
    2. Mules(%)
      1. Decreased by(percentage): -60.33%